Glóin began then to talk of the works of his people, telling Frodo about their great labours in Dale and under the Mountain. ‘We have done well,’ he said. `But in metalwork we cannot rival our fathers, many of whose secrets are lost. We make good armour and keen swords, but we cannot again make mail or blade to match those that were made before the dragon came. Only in mining and building have we surpassed the old days. You should see the waterways of Dale, Frodo, and the fountains, and the pools! You should see the stone-paved roads of many colours! And the halls and cavernous streets under the earth with arches carved like trees; and the terraces and towers upon the Mountain’s sides! Then you would see that we have not been idle.’
— The Council of Elrond, FotR
Farmlands extending away now.
No trees above sapling-size anywhere in the former Desolation of Smaug. Dragonfire-raked areas that will NOT regrow.
The River Running, looping about the town on three sides.
Golden bells (bell-towers)
See TOR LMB p. 97-99: Royal Palace, Toy-market, Merchants Quarter, Ravensgate District including White Lane (crafts-shops), Royal Barracks.