The comté de Foix was ruled by the Romans, the Visigoths, the Merovigians, the dukes of Acquitaine, the Carolingians, and the comtes de Carcasonne before becoming an independent county in the eleventh century; the comtes of Foix distinguished themselves as vassals of the comtes de Carcasonne and Toulouse, but following the Albigensian Crusade the counts became vassals of the kings of France. In the thirteenth century, the comtes de Foix acquired the vicomté de Bearn as well, and in 1479 Gaston IV, comte de Foix, married Éléonore I, queen of Navarre, uniting the county with the kingdom. With the ascession of Henri IV to the crowns of both Navarre and France, the comté de Foix entered the royal domaine .
The tiny province of Foix is a mountainous region on the northern flank of the Pyrénées. Cattle provide the chief industry of the province, which also produces turpentine, pitch, marble, and iron.
Foix is bordered by Languedoc to the north and east, the kingdom of Spain to the south, and Navarre to the west.
The governor and lieutenant-general of the province is served by the governor of the town and castle of Foix; a lieutenant of the king commands the royal fortress of Arsin.
Cities, Towns, and Fortresses