Common Calendar of the Nine Great Nations
Segments of the Common Calendar
There are 400 days, each 20-hours in length, in the common year. Each Year is divided into 20 months that consist of 20 days each. Each month is divided into two weeks, each consisting of 10 days.
Since the actual astronomical year of the world is 400.25 days, so every fourth year an additional day is added. This day is given it’s own one-day month and individual day name for it’s one-day week. Known as Deathday of Tuphatorn, is considered a day of ill luck, taboo and bad fortune. Often establishments remain closed, people stay indoors, and no important business is conducted on this 401st day of each four year cycle.
Months of the Year
1. Nagatorn (Days 1-20) [7.75 Hrs Day/12.25 Hrs Night]
2. Mythratorn (Days 21-40) [8 Hrs Day/12 Hrs Night]
3. Lynatorn (Days 41-60) [8.25 Hrs Day/11.75 Hrs Night]
4. Kepatorn (Days 61-80) [8.5 Hrs Day/11.5 Hrs Night]
5. Julatorn (Days 81-100) [8.75 Hrs Day/11.25 Hrs Night]
6. Illithorn (Days 101-120) [9 Hrs Day/11 Hrs Night]
7. Harbintorn (121-140) [9.25 Hrs Day/10.75 Hrs Night]
8. Ganitorn (Days 141-160) [9.5 Hrs Day/10.5 Hrs Night]
9. Folitorn (Days 161-180) [9.75 Hrs Day/10.25 Hrs Night]
10. Egoratorn (Days 181-200) [10 Hrs Day/10 Hrs Night]
11. Drytorn (Days 201-220) [10.25 Hrs Day/9.75 Hrs Night]
12. Coritorn (Days 221-240) [10 Hrs Day/10 Hrs Night]
13. Bulntorn (Days 241-260) [9.75 Hrs Day/10.25 Hrs Night]
14. Amratorn (Days 251-280) [9.5 Hrs Day/10.5 Hrs Night]
15. Zomatorn (Days 281-300) [9.25 Hrs Day/10.75 Hrs Night]
16. Yomtorn (Days 301-320) [9 Hrs Day/11 Hrs Night]
17. Xaltorn (Days 321-340) [8.75 Hrs Day/11.25 Hrs Night]
18. Wyntorn (Days 341-360) [8.5 Hrs Day/11.5 Hrs Night]
19. Vextorn (Days 361-380) [8.25 Hrs Day/11.75 Hrs Night]
20. Umutorn (Days 381-400) [8 Hrs Day/12 Hrs Night]
21. Tuphatorn (Day 401 [every 4 years]) [7.75 Hrs Day/12.25 Hrs Night]
Note: Lengths of Days and Nights are general, and phase accordingly a bit by each day during each of the 20-day months.
Days of the Week
|1. Wakeday||Considered the first day of the week, Wakeday is usually a day of preparation for the weeks work ahead. It’s also considered the pennacle day for worship, and temples across the Nations hold morning, midday, and evening services.|
|2. Illumiday||Illuminday is the first official working day of the week, and the first day of the week that governmental officials and nobles perform any official duties.|
|3. Riseday||Considered a great day to rise early from slumber. Typically business will open to the public two hours earlier than usual on this day.|
|4. Oathday||The official day of contracts. Oathday is considered the best day of the week to sign contracts and finalize business related arrangements. It’s also a common day for weddings.|
|5. Sowday||Often called “Day of the Hill” or “Day of the Mountain”, Sowday signifies the middle of the week.|
|6. Waitday||The day that mark the beginning of the ending of the week, and the nearing of a well deserved rest. Typically business will open to the public two hours later than usual on this day, thus gaining back their two hours offered up on Riseday.|
|7. Reepday||The traditional “payday” of the Nations. Paid labor is often rewarded for their hard work at the closing of their duties on this day.|
|8. Feastday||Considered the last day of the working week, the end of the day is traditionally signified by a larger than usual family dinner or feast.|
|9. Restday||Restday is traditionally utilized to wrap up business, and finalize dealings for the week. Many businesses will close early, sometimes as early as midday.|
|10. Sleepday||Considered the last day of the week, it’s traditionally held to be a day of recouperation, and most businesses, and government offices will be closed.|
|11. Deathday (401st Day Only)||Though it only comes around once every 4-years, Deathday is traditionally dreaded and considered a day of ill luck. Few leave their homes on this day, and even fewer dare to do business or venture into the wilderness.|
Despite climate type, or actual seasonal influences on a given Nation, they all observe the seasonal phase of the calendar. There are five observed seasonal phases, each consisting of four months (80 days).
|Season Name||Day Range||Month Range||Description|
|Season of Awakening||Days 1-80||Nagatorn – Kepatorn||The Season of Awaking is the first of the five seasonal phases. The transition period between colder months and warmer months. The season is associated broadly to ideas of rebirth, renewal and re-growth. At the season’s apex, the days are about 8.25-hours long with day length increasing as the season progresses.|
|Season of Labor||Days 81-160||Julatorn – Ganitorn||The Season of Labor is the second of the five seasonal phases. The transition period between the warm months and hottest months of mid-year. The season is associated broadly with agriculture, the planting of crops, and the full-bloom of nature. At the season’s apex, the days are about 9.25-hours long with the day length increasing as the season progresses.|
|Season of Wisdom||Days 161-240||Folitorn – Coritorn||The Season of Wisdom is the third of the five seasonal phases. Mid-year, it’s apex is the Illuminating solstice and contains the turning point from early-year to late-year. The season is associated broadly with the ideas of love and fertility, and is considered the “time of waiting” as crops undergo their natural processes to maturity. At the season’s apex, the days are about 10.25-hours long with the days of the first half of the month increasing in length, and the days of the later half decreasing in length.|
|Season of Dying||Days 241-320||Bulntorn – Yomtorn||Desc 4|
|Season of Remembering||Days 321-400 (401)||Xaltorn – Umutorn (Tuphatorn)||Desc 5|
Cyclical Holy Days & Celebrations
There are a total of ten high holy days and associated celebrations evenly distributed throughout the year. Five Days of Changing (celebrated on the 1st day of each new season), and Five Days of Progress (celebrated on at the apex of each season).
- Umberise (Celebration of Rebirth) [1st of Nagatorn (Changing Aspect)]
- Planting Day (Marks the Start of Yearly Agriculture) [1st of Lynatorn (Progress Aspect)]
- Day of Dedication (Celebration of Life) [1st of Julatorn (Changing Aspect)]
- Festival of Pairing (Celebrating Love & Family) [1st of Harbintorn (Progress Aspect)]
- Harvestday (Celebration of Bountiful Harvests) [1st of Folitorn (Changing Aspect)]
- Feastday (General Thanksgiving) [1st of Drytorn (Progress Aspect)]
- Slumberfest (Bidding Farewell to the Year) [1st of Bulntorn (Changing Aspect)]
- Songmarch (Removal of Curses & Good Luck) [1st of Zomatorn (Progress Aspect)]
- Feast of the Ancestors (Remembering the Dead) [1st of Xaltorn (Changing Aspect)]
- Day of Learning (Holiest of Days / Temple Pilgrimages) [1st of Vextorn (Progress Aspect)]
Also known as the “March of the Nations”, there are ten processional celebrations each year. These represent the Nine Great Nations, with a tenth celebration honoring the Ancient Oath between them all. Unlike the cyclical holidays, the processional celebrations are observed via a progressing self-contained 40-day cycle as the years progress. Each of the 10 processional celebrations are held on the same day of their relevant month, however that day progresses through the 40-day cycle by 1-day each year. The cycle repeats for 40-days over a 40-year time-span before returning to the first day of each cycle to repeat the process again. A full 40-year procession is the traditional length of a “generation”. The processional cycle can be calculated by beginning in the year 0 CE at the 1st day of each respective cycle.
[Insert 40-day Processional Cycles & Related Celebrations]
Note: For a complete 4,000-year (100-generation) calculation of all Processional Celebration dates in chronological order, please read: Processional Celebration Dates Calculated.
Years when cyclical holy days fall on the same day as processional celebrations, it is considered a year of particularly good fortune and luck. It is a common tradition for children born on these combined cyclical/processional holidays to be given a secondary surname (a middle name) of “Ada” (for the feminine) and “Ral” (for the masculine). These names are usually also always reserved for those born on these special days.
Yearly Astronomical Dates
The two moons of the world (Daki) and (Ubron) are on a relative cycle and wax and wane from full to new over a 20-day cycle. The first full moon (Daki) always falls on the 15th of a month, and the second full moon follows five days later with Ubron signifying the end of each month.
The sun rises on the Illuminated Solstice (longest day of the year) on the 10th day of Egoratorn. The sun rises on the Darkened Solstice (longest night of the year) on the 20th day of Umutorn. During the 401st day of the 4-year cycle, the Darkened Solstice actually observed on Deathday of Tuphatorn.
The sun rises on the Waking Equinox on the 10th day of Julatorn, and the sun rises on the Sleeping Equinox on the 10th day of Zomatorn. These signify the halfway mark between the longest and shortest days of the year.
For more detailed information about the astronomy and workings of the cosmic clockwork, please read: Cosmology and Astronomy of the Nations.
Shorthand Date Representation
Though there are much more elaborate and complex ways to depict dates, one more modern, and commonly used methods (especially for common day-to-day business) is known as the shorthand method. The short hand date method came into use sometime around 2900 CE and is simply a four-section numerical representation of the calendar date.
The first section represents the month number (1-20), the second section represents the week number within the month (1 or 2), the third section represents the number of the day of the indicated week (1-10), and the final, fourth section represents the year.
So, for example, the date that the oracle commanded that the Birthrights meet at the Stone Gate via her vision to quest for the missing ninth receptacle is represented by the shorthand date: 09/2/5/3415 CE.
_Orally read as: The ninth month (Folitorn), in the second week, on the fifth day (Sowday), in the year 3415 of the Common Era. The older, non-shorthand representation of the same date would be spoken as: Sowday, the 15th Day of Folitorn during the Season of Wisdom in the Third Year of the Black Sun Knight.
The Ancient Method of Pictorial Year Descriptions Using Descriptors
Each of the Years of the Common Calendar are given a unique name. These names consist of four words. The first is the millennia descriptor and always reflects a numeric value. This is because the other descriptors are based around a 1000-year cycle that repeats. So the first occurrence of the century, decade and year descriptors is considered the First, the second occurrence is described as the Second, and so on.
Each century in a millennia is given a numerically assigned descriptor, beginning at zero. The century descriptors are always defined by a color standard.
Numeric Century Descriptors —
|0 = White||2 = Titian (Red)||4 = Black||6 = Verdant (Green)||8 = Tekhelet (Blue)|
|1 = Silver||3 = Clementine (Orange)||5 = Golden||7 = Aubergine (Purple)||9 = Grey|
Each decade in a century is given a numerically assigned descriptor, beginning at zero. The decade descriptors are always defined by celestial bodies or events.
Numeric Decade Descriptors —
|0 = Moon||2 = Star||4 = Planet||6 = Dusk||8 = Solstice|
|1 = Sun||3 = Comet||5 = Eclipse||7 = Dawn||9 = Equinox|
Each year in a decade is given a numerically assigned descriptor, beginning at zero. The year descriptors are always defined by a personification of action.
Numeric Year Descriptors —
|0 = Dancer||2 = Philosopher||4 = Rogue||6 = Bard||8 = Aristocrat|
|1 = Healer||3 = Magician||5 = Knight||7 = Hermit||9 = Druid|
So, for example of utilizing the Descriptors to build a pictorial representation of a specific year, the year 2011 would be depicted as “The Second Year of White Sun Healer”.
About Pictorial Year Descriptions
In the style explained above, often times, a document will be marked with a seal, a visual representation of the date of which the document was created, or is referring to. However, representing a specific year in a given millennia isn’t enough. The pictorial dating method goes so far as to display also which millennia in the cyclical pictorial representations, as well as which month, week and day for the specific date (when necessary).
Traditionally this is done on separate stations around the seal. The northwestern station (top left), has a number of tiny stars within it to indicate which century in the cyclical millennial process the seal is representing. This process is only used for the second millennia and beyond; if there is no star in the northwestern station, then the seal represents the first millennia.
The northeastern station (top right), has a single common dialect letter followed by either one or two smaller stars. The letter used is the first letter in the name of the month being represented, the stars represent whether the date represented falls into the first or second week of the specified month.
Beginning in the southwestern station (bottom left) and continuing into the southeastern station (bottom right) if needed. There is a line of one to ten dots. The number of dots represents the day number in the specified week.
So, as an example, the date (Sowday, the 15th Day of Folitorn during the Season of Wisdom in the Third Year of the Black Sun Knight [09/2/5/3415 CE]) would be represented as follows: (See Image to Right)
Seals are almost always marked upon a document in ink, though sometimes they are signeted into wax, or even carved upon tablets, statues, or pictographs. The specific color of the Century Descriptor is usually defined respectively by ink color, wax color, or enamel inlay. The stamps and signets for these types of seals are generally crafted to represent an entire year, leaving the stations, other than the millennia indicator, blank for the scribe to fill in with the month, week and day indicators by hand.
It’s believed that originally the pictorial method of dating was esoteric and used by ancient scholars, magicians and philosophers to place relevant dates to events, rituals and secret meetings in such a way that only those intended would understand. However, over the many millinnia the method became well known, and fell into common use particularly with official or legal documentation, and upon documents considered holy or property of a temple or priesthood.
Many common folk believe that the year of a persons birth, and it’s related pictorial representation are highly influential and informative of that persons core personality, how they will live their life, and what they are destined for. Though more educated persons consider this nothing more than superstition and disregard such notions.