Dr. Murdock, or how we learned to stop worrying and love the Ziggy
Explaining all that Science Nonsense that Ziggy Uses to solve problems.
Using Chemicals to manipulate Ants
Z-9-icosen-1-ol (Z-9-C20-ol) C24H42O
Z-9-docosen-1-ol (Z-9-C22-ol) C24H46O
icosanal (Z-9-C20-al) – C22H44O
docosanal (Z-9-C22-al) – C22H44O
tetracosanal(Z-9-C24-al) – C24H48O
As well as some used by Slave-Making Ant Species Formica subintegra and others:
Formic acid – Formula:CH2O2 – CAS#: 64-18-6 – MW: 46.03
Undecane – Formula: C11H24 – CAS#:1120-21-4 – MW:156.31
Decyl acetate – Formula: C12H24O2 – CAS#: 112-17-4 – MW: 200.32
Dodecyl acetate – Formula: C14H28O2 – CAS#: 112-66-3 – MW: 228.37
Tetradecyl acetate – Formula: C16H32O2 – CAS#: 638-59-5 – MW: 256.43
On the subject of making them flip the fuck out and murder each other.
American slave maker Formica sanguinea workers emit mixtures of volatile alkyl ketone, alkane, and acetates when invading host ant nests. Those chemicals induce panic responses in defenders (REGNIER & WILSON 1971). Such offensive chemical signals are also found in the slave making ant Harpagoxenus sublaevis and the workerless inquiline ant Leptothorax kutteri (see ALLIES & al. 1986), the European slave making ant Polyergus rufescens (see VISICCHIO & al. 2000), and the Japanese slave maker Polyergus samurai (T. Akino, unpubl.). Although the effect of these chemicals is similar to that of repellent allomone, the host workers occasionally attack each other, as if they had lost the nestmate recognition signal of their colonies. REGNIER & WILSON (1971) therefore developed the term “propaganda” for these offensive signals, which should now also be classified as belonging to the allomone category of allelochemicals.
Such powerful propaganda chemicals are also utilized by the parasitoid wasp Ichneumon eumerus of the myrmecophilous lycaenid butterfly Phengaris alcon (THOMAS & al. 2002). Because the host P. alcon larvae are tended inside the Myrmica schencki nest, the wasp must invade the ant for its oviposition even though ant attack responses are inevitable. Even if the wasp succeeds in oviposition, the parasitized P. alcon larvae remain to grow inside the ant nest, and the wasp offspring must emerge inside the ant nest. The wasp needs to avoid ant aggression to survive, so the wasp emits a series of allyl alcohols and aldehydes, which cause M. schencki workers to attack each other instead.
Imaging underground formations:
Reflection seismology (or seismic reflection) is a method of exploration geophysics that uses the principles of seismology to estimate the properties of the Earth’s subsurface from reflected seismic waves. The method requires a controlled seismic source of energy, such as dynamite/Tovex, a specialized air gun or a seismic vibrator, commonly known by the trademark name Vibroseis. Reflection seismology is similar to sonar and echolocation.
The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technology uses electromagnetic (EM) waves transmitted from an antenna (Tx) which reflects on layers and objects in the ground. These reflections are received with an antenna (Rx) and create a picture of the subsurface. As the transmitting and receiving antenna is moved along the surface, recordings are collected and displayed side by side, resulting in a cross section, also known as radar profile.
GPR can be used in a variety of media including rock, soil, ice, fresh water, concrete, pavements and structures and it can detect objects, voids, cracks and changes in material.